Living & Safety in Bear Country

Bear Identification (see below)

How to Hunt Safely in Bear Country

Living In Bear Country

Attractant Management

IGBC Bear Spray Information

Safety in Bear Country Information from the IBA

Bear Identification

The Distinctive Hump and Rump:
The grizzly’s hump between the shoulders is usually visible in profile. The rump of a grizzly is lower than its shoulder when the bear is on all fours, while a black bear’s rump is higher than the rest of its body. This is sometimes hard to see from a distance.

The “Dished” Face:
A grizzly typically has a somewhat concave profile from between its eyes to the end of its nose, whereas a black bear normally has a more convex, profile. Grizzlies tend to have smaller, more rounded ears while black bear’s ears tend to be larger, more erect and more pointed.

Unique Tracks:
Compared to a black bear’s track, grizzly tracks of the front feet are more square. If you take a straight edge and hold it across the track of a grizzly front foot, just in front of the pad and behind the toe on either side, it will not cross the toe on the other side of the foot. A black bear’s front track is more rounded and a straight edge will cross the toe on the other side of the foot. When observing a back foot- print, notice the grizzly bear print has a pointed heel and lacks the wedged instep of a black bear print. Grizzlies have long, gently curved, more obvious claws compared to black bears’ shorter, more curved claws.

Visit the Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks Bear Identification Program